Convergence Insufficiency – How to help

Convergence insufficiency treatment

Convergence insufficiency results when a patient’s two eyes cannot simultaneously converge, or point inward, to align on a near target.

First, a little background.  When you look at an object at distance, each of your eyes point straight ahead at that object.  Then, your right eye takes a picture of the object it is pointing to and sends it to your brain.  Your left eye takes the same picture and sends it to your brain as well. Next, your brain simply fuses these two images so that you can see one distinct object.

When you change your focus to look at something at near, each of your eyes must converge on the object or word that you look at.  If no convergence insufficiency exists, and your eyes align properly, each eye again transmits the same image back to the brain.  In this fashion, you read from word to word fluently.

The problem starts when your eyes cannot converge properly, which is why it is termed convergence insufficiency.

In this case, one eye points to the word you want to read while the other eye drifts outward slightly.  This results in the second eye pointing to a different word.  Your right eye sends back an image of the correct word, while your left eye sends an image of another word.  Then, your brain tries to fuse these two, unlike words.

When you are reading and this occurs you may say a word that is a blend of the two words that your brain fused.  Or, with convergence insufficiency, your brain may be confused by the blended, nonsense word and may skip over the word.  Other students simply lose their place.

The fact is that this condition affects 1 out of 5 students.

The great news is that there is help.  Through vision therapy you can improve your convergence.  With in office visits once or twice weekly you can build this skill over a period of a few months.  As your convergence improves your reading fluency will improve as well.  You may also notice that other hand-eye tasks are easier.

I have treated over one thousand individuals with convergence insufficiency in the past thirty years.  For a free email or telephone consult about your situation, contact me at


Best reading tutor can boost your child’s reading level by two years or more.

reading tutor

Would you like your reading tutor to improve your child’s reading speed and accuracy?  And, while accomplishing this, would you like to boost your child’s reading comprehension too?

Of course you would.

It is not only possible, I will show you how you can do this.  What makes me so sure?  Because we tutor reading with this type of success every day at Red Apple Learning Center in McMurray, PA.

There are a number of key factors to find the best reading tutor.  Even many reading specialists do not know all of these factors.  Why not?  Simply because the best tutoring methods are a careful blend of medical and educational research.

First of all, for best results, your reading tutor should work one on one with your child.  One tutor to one student.

Most learning centers, especially the chains or franchise centers, have one teacher work with multiple students.  They may call it a “personalized tutoring” program.  Or some franchised learning centers refer to it as “individualized tutoring”.  In each of these cases, your student will usually work along with other students in a group.  This is really one reading tutor with multiple students.

The first key then to helping your student attain wonderful results is to get a reading tutor to work one on one with your child.

Next, multi-sensory teaching techniques are a must.  Why?  Because teaching using a student’s senses of sight, hearing and touch result in the best “stickiness”.  That means that students remember the words and sentences best with this tutoring strategy.  Multi-sensory tutoring of reading has been proven time and time again as the most effective method on the planet.  The methods may be called an Orton-Gillingham program or the Lindamood-Bell program, both well known methods.

Your third component to get the best reading tutor results is multiple tutoring sessions each week.  We have found that two to three reading tutor sessions per week work very well for most students.  Certain students even respond well when we combine multiple sessions in one day for a more intense tutoring experience.

Fourth, your student must practice at home in between each reading tutor session.  Just like piano lessons or gymnastics, practice is essential to becoming a great reader.  Every day devote at least 15 minutes to reading.

So back to the beginning…how can you achieve two grade levels of reading improvement in your child?  Just follow the recipe above.